Child & Adolescent Nursing
The course provided instruction in advanced nursing roles and functions applied to health promotion, health maintenance, health restoration, habilitation, and rehabilitation of infants, children, and adolescents with existing or potential health problems; critical thinking used to assess, diagnose, intervene, and promote continuity of care with clients of these ages irrespective of setting. My clinical experience was at the Children’s Center in Greenwood, SC.
Total Patients: 270
- 28 URI
- 46 well visits (immunizations, screenings)
- 7 asthma
- 2 roseola
- 7 otitis media
- 8 influenza
- 5 strep throat
- 2 sinusitis
- 1 pneumonia
- 2 constipation
- 5 ADHD
- 1 erythema toxicans
- 1 UTI
- 1 nephrosis
- 1 cat scratch fever
- 1 scabies
- 3 croup
- 1 mono
- 2 allergic rhinitis
- 3 GERD
- 2 umbilical hernia
- 2 sexual abuse
- 2 suture removal
- 1 tinea versicolor
- 1 erythema multiforme
- 1 shingles
- 2 sleep apnea
- 4 tinea capitis
- 15 pre-school physicals
- 9 rashes
Cheryl Platt, PNP
Child & Adolescent Daily Patient Logs:
Protocol for Roseola
Definition: Acute viral infection caused by the human herpesvirus -6 (HHV-6) that primarily occurs in children under 3 years of age. Pathogenesis: Children become infected by asymptomatic shedding of the virus in oral, nasal, or conjunctival secretions. Incubation period ranges from 5-15 days. Children are contagious during the febrile phase before the appearance of the exanthem (rash).
- Acute onset of prodromal fever lasting 3-7 days. Fever usually between 101˚F (83.3˚C) – 103˚F (39.5˚C). Fever of 106˚F (41˚C) may cause febrile seizures.
- Mild adenopathy of the cervical and posterior occipital areas.
- Inflamed tympanic membranes without bulging or effusion.
- URI symptoms: rhinitis, sore throat with small maculopapular lesions on the soft palate and uvula.
- Abrupt resolution of fever and eruption of rash on trunk spreading to face and extremities. The maculopapular rash is discrete, rose-colored pink, 2-3 mm in diameter, fades on pressure, rarely coalesces (fuses) and lasts only one or two days.
- Measure vital signs. Note sudden increased temperature.
- Assess for lethargy (possible encephalitis) and respiratory distress.
- Inspect skin for rash. See table for comparison of skin eruptions similar to roseola.
- Note other symptoms such as coryza, cough, patches on throat, watery eyes to rule out other viral conditions. Maculopapular lesions present on soft palate & uvula with roseola.
- Assess neck for nuchal rigidity (possible meningitis) and adenopathy. Adenopathy present with roseola.
- Auscultate heart and lungs. Normal findings are present with roseola.
- No diagnostic tests needed unless diagnosis is uncertain. May consider serology test to document rise in antibody titer for HHV-6 (Burns, 511).
- Encourage fluids to prevent dehydration from high fever.
- Acetaminophen 10-15mg/kg PO/PR q 4-6h prn for fever >101˚F. Not to exceed 4 grams (4,000mg)/24h.
- Reassure parents that the high fever does not mean a serious disease. Fevers lasting more than 7 days need to return for follow-up treatment.
- Return for further evaluation if child is lethargic, poor fluid intake, cough, and is irritable. These symptoms suggest another disease process other than roseola.
COMPARISON OF OTHER RASHES TO ROSEOLA
Burns, C., Dunn, A., Brady, M., Barber, N., & Blosser, C. (2009). Pediatric primary care (4th ed.). St. Louis:
Saunders Elsevier, 510-511.
Uphold, C., & Graham, M. (2003). Clinical guidelines in family practice (4th ed.). Gainesville, FL: Barmarrae
Book, Inc., 238-239.